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Water System


Providing residents with a safe and dependable source of potable water is an important function for the City. Northwood currently purchases all of their water from Grand Forks-Traill Water Users, Inc. The water comes from the Elk Valley aquifers and is processed through a reverse osmosis (ro) softening plant near Northwood. This produces water with a hardness of 3 to 4 grains consistently.

Northwood consumes about 27 million gallons of water per year, with an average demand of about 75,000 gallons per day. Summer peaks can go as high as 125,000 gallons per day. The storage capacity includes a 50,000-gallon water tower and a 300,000-gallon underground reservoir.

The entire water distribution system was replaced/relined in 1992. The city�s rate structure was designed to pay off the bond issue for this new distribution in 2033 while still covering the cost of routine maintenance. The City�s fire protection classification is a class 7 due to good water pressure.


Water Rates


First 1,000 Gallons $20.00 per month

$8.00 per 1,000 gallons used after the minimum amount of 1,000 gallons




The 2010 Drinking Water Quality Report for

The City of Northwood, North Dakota


The City of Northwood, as required by the federal Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), has prepared and is publishing to our customers this year's annual drinking water quality report.  This is our opportunity to share information on the quality of water we provide to your home, apartment, or business.  In addition, this report is an educational tool that allows us to inform you of the source of our water, our treatment facilities, and processes.  It is our daily goal to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water.


If you have any questions regarding this report, please contact Jerry Hanson, Public Works Superintendent at (701) 587-6291 ext 13.  Questions will also be answered at our regularly scheduled council meeting on the first Monday of every month at City Hall at 4:30P.M. This report has required definitions of terms, language requirements, tables of water quality data, and other pertinent information.  If you are aware of non-English speaking individuals who need help with the appropriate language translation, please call Jerry Hanson at the number above.


The City of Northwood would appreciate it if large volume water customers post copies of this report in conspicuous locations or distribute them to tenants, residents, patients, students, and/or employees, so individuals who consume the water, but do not receive a water bill can learn about our water system.


A.          Source of Northwood's water:


The water comes from Grand Forks Traill Water Users, Inc.  They have fourteen wells located in the Arvilla and Avon Townships and are located in the Elk Valley aquifer.


B.          Source Water Assessment:


Northwood is involved in the North Dakota Wellhead Protection Program.  Copies of the Wellhead Protection report along with other relevant information are available at City Hall during normal business hours. Our public water system, in cooperation with the North Dakota Department of Health, has completed the delineation and contaminant/land use inventory elements of the North Dakota Source Water Protection Program. Based on the information from these elements, the North Dakota Department of Health has determined that our source water is not susceptible to potential contaminants.


C.          Contaminants Which May Reasonably Be Expected To Be Found In Drinking Water:


The sources of drinking water (both tap and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells.  As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. 


Contaminants that may be present in source water:


            (A)  Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.

            (B)     Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

            (C)     Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff, and residential uses.

            (D)     Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems.

            (E)     Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.


In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prescribes regulations, which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems.  The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for public health.


Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants.  The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk.  More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).


    D.          Some People Are More Vulnerable to Contaminants:


Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections.  The people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers.  Environmental Protection Agency/Center for Disease Control (EPA/CDC) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).


    E.           If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Northwood is responsible for providing high quality drinking water but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. Use water from the cold tap for drinking and cooking. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your drinking water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gpv/safewater/lead.


F.           Required Definitions:


Maximum Contaminant Level Goal or MCLG: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no

known or expected risk to health.  MCLGs allow from a margin of safety.

Maximum Contaminant Level or MCL: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water.  MCLs are

set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal or MRDLG: The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level or MRDL: The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Action Level or AL: The concentration of a contaminant, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.


G.          Table of Detected Regulated Contaminants and Abbreviations Used:


The data presented is for 2010 or the most recent in accordance with state and federal regulations.  As authorized and approved by the EPA, the state has reduced monitoring requirements for certain contaminants to less often than once per year because the concentrations of the contaminants are not expected to vary significantly from year to year.  Some of our data (e.g., for inorganic contaminants), though representative, is more than one year old.


Abbreviations: ppb - parts per billion, or milligrams per liter (mg/l); ppm  - parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/l);

pCi/l - Picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity); ND � none detected; NA � not applicable






















 EPA requires monitoring of over 80 drinking water contaminants.  Those contaminants listed in the table above are the only contaminants detected in your drinking water.


    H.          Violations:  The City of Northwood had no violations in 2010.


Please call our office if you have questions.  We work around the clock to provide top quality water to every tap.  We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children's future.